It was originally described by Stein and Leventhal in the year 1935. They described the syndrome which has the following features
·Absence of menstruation (Amenorrhea)
·Increase in facial hair growth (Hirshutism)
·Enlarged ovaries having multiple cysts (Polycystic)
This syndrome is prevalent in the young women in the reproductive period. It is a complex disorder characterized by excessive production of hormones known as androgens by the ovaries and the adrenal glands. Due to this the ovarian follicles fail to mature.
Signs and Symptoms
·Increase in the body weight (Obesity)
·Abnormalities of menstruation. The patient can suffer from scanty menstruation (Oligomenorrhea), Absence of menstruation (Amenorrhea) and infertility. The patient comes with the complaints of irregular menses and says she doesn’t get periods for 3-4 months.
·On internal examination bilaterally enlarged cystic ovaries are revealed. Sometimes due to the excess weight the ovaries may not be revealed.
·Sonography: transvaginal sonography is especially useful in obese patients
Luteinising hormone (LH) levels or the ratio between LH: FSH is > 3:1
(Follicle stimulating hormone. FSH)
Reversible oestradiol: Oestrone ratio. The Oestrone level is markedly low.
Androstenedione is elevated
Serum testosterone and DHEA-S may be marginally elevated.
·Laparoscopy bilaterally polycystic ovaries are detected; which is the characteristic feature of PCOS
Role of Homeopathy
As we know that the human body works on very complex mechanism.The hormones that are secreted in the body is even more complex and is very sensitive even to the slightest change that takes place in the body. If there is hormonal imbalance in the body it creates lot of problems.
When the carefully selected homeopathic remedy is administered it stimulates the body and the body in turn takes care of the problem. Homeopathic medicines help in correcting the imbalance that takes place when the body is in a diseased state. Homeopathic medicines act at the level of the psycho neuro endocrinal axis.
For finding the correct homeopathic remedy the patient has to give a complete case history including the emotional picture, ups and down in life, relationships, stress causing factors. If the patient co-operates in giving the correct information the case can be handled in an effective way.
Homoeopathy is a science based on sound logic and vast experimental data. Homoeopathy is the only medicinal science where data has been collected by proving on human beings. The principles of Homoeopathy have been derived and authenticated by vast clinical experiments and data.
The homoeopathic medicines are prepared in a standardized manner. The homoeopathic pharmacopoeia lists more than 3500 remedies, whose clinical efficiency has been proved in various clinical trials conducted all over the world. Various institutions and individuals are proving new medicines and increasing the scope of homoeopathic medicines.