Hyperkalemia is the condition of high potassium level. Hyperkalemia is an abnormally raised level of potassium in the blood. The normal potassium level in the blood is about 3.5-5.0 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). Potassium levels from 5.1 mEq/L to 6.0 mEq/L indicate mild hyperkalemia. Potassium levels from 6.1 mEq/L to 7.0 mEq/L are intermediate hyperkalemia, and levels above 7 mEq/L are critical hyperkalemia. This condition usually occurs when the level of potassium in your blood is higher than normal. Intensely high levels of potassium in the blood are called severe hyperkalemia this can lead to cardiac problems and death. When not identified and treated accurately, severe hyperkalemia results in a fatality rate of about 67%.

  • Treatment options

The drugs that treat hyperkalemia are used to adjust heart function, promote the movement of potassium from the blood back into the cells, and encourage the discharge of extra potassium. Hemodialysis is one of the most common and proved tool for abstracting potassium from the body.

  • Meditation Therapies

This includes the following

  • Calcium Chloride or Gluconate

Calcium Chloride or Gluconate reduces the effects of hyperkalemia on the heart

  • Insulin

Insulin contributes in potassium shifting from blood to cells

  • Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate also contributes in potassium shifting from blood to cells

  • Beta agonists

Beta agonists also contribute in potassium shifting from blood to cells

  • Diuretics

Diuretics help in potassium excretion from kidneys

  • Binding resins

Binding resins contributes in potassium and sodium exchange in the gastrointestinal system

  • Supplementary and Alternative Therapies

Alternative therapies can give simultaneous help and also help treat the underlying cause once the condition has been stabilized.

  • Diet

Following tips may help in reducing symptoms:

-Remove suspected food allergens, like dairy which consists of (milk, cheese, and ice cream), wheat, soy, corn, preservatives, and chemical food additives. Nutritionist may want to test you for food allergies.

-Prevent from foods that contain high amounts of potassium like bananas, lentils, nuts, peaches, potatoes, salmon, tomatoes, watermelon.

-Prevent refined foods, like white breads, pastas, and sugar.

-Eat red meats in less amount and more lean meats, cold water fish, or beans for protein. Restrict the intake of processed meats, like fast foods and lunch meats.

-Consume healthy cooking oils, like olive oil or vegetable oil.

-Minimize or eliminate trans-fatty acids, which are usually found in commercially baked goods like cookies, crackers, cakes, french fries, onion rings, donuts, processed foods, and margarine.

-Abstain from alcohol and tobacco. Talk to your nutritionist before using products that contain caffeine products, like teas and soft drinks.

-Drink large amount of water. Dehydration can cause severe hyperkalemia.

-Exercise 30 minutes daily five days in a week.

-Abstain from noni (Morinda citrifolia) juice, which contains high potassium level.

  • Herbs

Herbs are usually an intact way to strengthen and tone the body’s systems. You may take herbs may as dried extracts (capsules, powders, teas), glycerites (glycerine extracts), or tinctures (alcohol extracts). Victims with a history of alcoholism should not take tinctures. Unless otherwise indicated, make teas with 1 tsp. Herb per cup of hot water. Tinctures may also be used alone or in combination as noted. If the victim is pregnant or nursing, speak to doctor before using any herbal products.

  • Homeopathy

Homeopathy may be beneficial as a supportive therapy.

  • Acupuncture

Acupuncture usually supports normal kidney function

  • Following Up

Doctor will probably ask to see you two to three days after you are acquit from the hospital to repeat the potassium tests, electrocardiogram, and check your kidney function. Your health care provider will review all the drugs you are taking, and may prescribed changes.

Source by CH Tanveer